Cilium

The Cilium CNI uses a Linux kernel technology called BPF, which enables the dynamic insertion of powerful security visibility and control logic within the Linux kernel.

Installing Cilium on a new Cluster

To use the Cilium, specify the following in the cluster spec.

  networking:
    cilium: {}

The following command sets up a cluster using Cilium.

export ZONES=mylistofzones
kops create cluster \
  --zones $ZONES \
  --networking cilium\
  --yes \
  --name cilium.example.com

Configuring Cilium

Using etcd for agent state sync

By default, Cilium will use CRDs for synchronizing agent state. This can cause performance problems on larger clusters. As of kops 1.18, kops can manage an etcd cluster using etcd-manager dedicated for cilium agent state sync. The Cilium docs contains recommendations for this must be enabled.

Add the following to spec.etcdClusters: Make sure instanceGroup match the other etcd clusters.

  - etcdMembers:
    - instanceGroup: master-az-1a
      name: a
    - instanceGroup: master-az-1b
      name: b
    - instanceGroup: master-az-1c
      name: c
    name: cilium

Then enable etcd as kvstore:

  networking:
    cilium:
      etcdManaged: true

Enabling BPF NodePort

As of Kops 1.18 you can safely enable Cilium NodePort.

In this mode, the cluster is fully functional without kube-proxy, with Cilium replacing kube-proxy's NodePort implementation using BPF. Read more about this in the Cilium docs

Be aware that you need to use an AMI with at least Linux 4.19.57 for this feature to work.

  kubeProxy:
    enabled: false
  networking:
    cilium:
      enableNodePort: true

Enabling Cilium ENI IPAM

As of Kops 1.18, you can have Cilium provision AWS managed adresses and attach them directly to Pods much like Lyft VPC and AWS VPC. See the Cilium docs for more information

When using ENI IPAM you need to disable masquerading in Cilium as well.

  networking:
    cilium:
      disableMasquerade: true
      ipam: eni

Note that since Cilium Operator is the entity that interacts with the EC2 API to provision and attaching ENIs, we force it to run on the master nodes when this IPAM is used.

Also note that this feature has only been tested on the default kops AMIs.

Getting help

For problems with deploying Cilium please post an issue to Github:

For support with Cilium Network Policies you can reach out on Slack or Github: