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kOps addons

kOps supports two types of addons:

  • Managed addons, which are configurable through the cluster spec
  • Static addons, which are manifest files that are applied as-is

Managed addons

The following addons are managed by kOps and will be upgraded following the kOps and kubernetes lifecycle, and configured based on your cluster spec. kOps will consider both the configuration of the addon itself as well as what other settings you may have configured where applicable.

Available addons

AWS Load Balancer Controller

Introduced
Kops 1.20

AWS Load Balancer Controller offers additional functionality for provisioning ELBs.

spec:
  awsLoadBalancerController:
    enabled: true

Read more in the official documentation.

Cluster autoscaler

Introduced
Kops 1.19

Cluster autoscaler can be enabled to automatically adjust the size of the kubernetes cluster.

spec:
  clusterAutoscaler:
    enabled: true
    expander: least-waste
    balanceSimilarNodeGroups: false
    awsUseStaticInstanceList: false
    scaleDownUtilizationThreshold: 0.5
    skipNodesWithLocalStorage: true
    skipNodesWithSystemPods: true
    newPodScaleUpDelay: 0s
    scaleDownDelayAfterAdd: 10m0s
    image: <the latest supported image for the specified kubernetes version>
    cpuRequest: "100m"
    memoryRequest: "300Mi"

Read more about cluster autoscaler in the official documentation.

Disabling cluster autoscaler for a given instance group
Introduced
Kops 1.20

You can disable the autoscaler for a given instance group by adding the following to the instance group spec.

spec:
  autoscale: false

Cert-manager

Introduced Minimum K8s Version
Kops 1.20 K8s 1.16

Cert-manager handles x509 certificates for your cluster.

spec:
  certManager:
    enabled: true
    defaultIssuer: yourDefaultIssuer

Warning: cert-manager only supports one installation per cluster. If you are already running cert-manager, you need to either remove this installation prior to enabling this addon, or mark cert-manger as not being managed by kOps (see below). As long as you are using v1 versions of the cert-manager resources, it is safe to remove existing installs and replace it with this addon

Self-provisioned cert-manager
Introduced Minimum K8s Version
Kops 1.20.2 K8s 1.16

The following cert-manager configuration allows provisioning cert-manager externally and allows all dependent plugins to be deployed. Please note that addons might run into errors until cert-manager is deployed.

spec:
  certManager:
    enabled: true
    managed: false

Read more about cert-manager in the official documentation

Metrics server

Introduced
Kops 1.19

Metrics Server is a scalable, efficient source of container resource metrics for Kubernetes built-in autoscaling pipelines.

spec:
  metricsServer:
    enabled: true

Read more about Metrics Server in the official documentation.

Secure TLS
Introduced
Kops 1.20

By default, API server will not verify the metrics server TLS certificate. To enable TLS verification, set the following in the cluster spec:

spec:
  certManager:
    enabled: true
  metricsServer:
    enabled: true
    insecure: false

This requires that cert-manager is installed in the cluster.

Node local DNS cache

Introduced Minimum K8s Version
Kops 1.18 K8s 1.15

NodeLocal DNSCache can be enabled if you are using CoreDNS. It is used to improve the Cluster DNS performance by running a dns caching agent on cluster nodes as a DaemonSet.

memoryRequest and cpuRequest for the node-local-dns pods can also be configured. If not set, they will be configured by default to 5Mi and 25m respectively.

If forwardToKubeDNS is enabled, kubedns will be used as a default upstream

spec:
  kubeDNS:
    provider: CoreDNS
    nodeLocalDNS:
      enabled: true
      memoryRequest: 5Mi
      cpuRequest: 25m

Node termination handler

Introduced
Kops 1.19

Node Termination Handler ensures that the Kubernetes control plane responds appropriately to events that can cause your EC2 instance to become unavailable, such as EC2 maintenance events, EC2 Spot interruptions, and EC2 instance rebalance recommendations. If not handled, your application code may not stop gracefully, take longer to recover full availability, or accidentally schedule work to nodes that are going down.

spec:
  nodeTerminationHandler:
    enabled: true
    enableSQSTerminationDraining: true
    managedASGTag: "aws-node-termination-handler/managed"
Queue Processor Mode
Introduced
Kops 1.21

If enableSQSTerminationDraining is true Node Termination Handler will operate in Queue Processor mode. In addition to the events mentioned above, Queue Processor mode allows Node Termination Handler to take care of ASG Scale-In, AZ-Rebalance, Unhealthy Instances, EC2 Instance Termination via the API or Console, and more. kOps will provision the necessary infrastructure: an SQS queue, EventBridge rules, and ASG Lifecycle hooks. managedASGTag can be configured with Queue Processor mode to distinguish resource ownership between multiple clusters.

The kOps CLI requires additional IAM permissions to manage the requisite EventBridge rules and SQS queue:

{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": [
        "events:DeleteRule",
        "events:ListRules",
        "events:ListTargetsByRule",
        "events:ListTagsForResource",
        "events:PutEvents",
        "events:PutRule",
        "events:PutTargets",
        "events:RemoveTargets",
        "events:TagResource",
        "sqs:CreateQueue",
        "sqs:DeleteQueue",
        "sqs:GetQueueAttributes",
        "sqs:ListQueues",
        "sqs:ListQueueTags"
      ],
      "Resource": "*"
    }
  ]
}

Warning: If you switch between the two operating modes on an existing cluster, the old resources have to be manually deleted. For IMDS to Queue Processor, this means deleting the k8s nth daemonset. For Queue Processor to IMDS, this means deleting the Kubernetes NTH deployment and the AWS resources: the SQS queue, EventBridge rules, and ASG Lifecycle hooks.

Node Problem Detector

Introduced
Kops 1.22

Node Problem Detector aims to make various node problems visible to the upstream layers in the cluster management stack. It is a daemon that runs on each node, detects node problems and reports them to apiserver.

spec:
  nodeProblemDetector:
    enabled: true
    memoryRequest: 32Mi
    cpuRequest: 10m

Snapshot controller

Introduced Minimum K8s Version
Kops 1.21 K8s 1.20

Snapshot controller implements the volume snapshot features of the Container Storage Interface (CSI).

You can enable the snapshot controller by adding the following to the cluster spec:

spec:
  snapshotController:
    enabled: true

Note that the in-tree volume drivers do not support this feature. If you are running a cluster on AWS, you can enable the EBS CSI driver by adding the following:

spec:
  cloudConfig:
    awsEBSCSIDriver:
      enabled: true

Custom addons

The command kops create cluster does not support specifying addons to be added to the cluster when it is created. Instead they can be added after cluster creation using kubectl. Alternatively when creating a cluster from a yaml manifest, addons can be specified using spec.addons.

spec:
  addons:
  - manifest: s3://my-kops-addons/addon.yaml

The docs about the addon management describe in more detail how to define a addon resource with regards to versioning. Here is a minimal example of an addon manifest that would install two different addons.

kind: Addons
metadata:
  name: example
spec:
  addons:
  - name: foo.addons.org.io
    version: 0.0.1
    selector:
      k8s-addon: foo.addons.org.io
    manifest: foo.addons.org.io/v0.0.1.yaml
  - name: bar.addons.org.io
    version: 0.0.1
    selector:
      k8s-addon: bar.addons.org.io
    manifest: bar.addons.org.io/v0.0.1.yaml

In this example the folder structure should look like this;

addon.yaml
  foo.addons.org.io
    v0.0.1.yaml
  bar.addons.org.io
    v0.0.1.yaml

The yaml files in the foo/bar folders can be any kubernetes resource. Typically this file structure would be pushed to S3 or another of the supported backends and then referenced as above in spec.addons. In order for master nodes to be able to access the S3 bucket containing the addon manifests, one might have to add additional iam policies to the master nodes using spec.additionalPolicies, like so:

spec:
  additionalPolicies:
    master: |
      [
        {
          "Effect": "Allow",
          "Action": [
            "s3:GetObject"
          ],
          "Resource": ["arn:aws:s3:::my-kops-addons/*"]
        },
        {
          "Effect": "Allow",
          "Action": [
            "s3:GetBucketLocation",
            "s3:ListBucket"
          ],
          "Resource": ["arn:aws:s3:::my-kops-addons"]
        }
      ]
The masters will poll for changes in the bucket and keep the addons up to date.